Anthropology

Division of Social Sciences
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Thomas J. Csordas

 

tcsordas@ucsd.edu
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Psych Lab Website

 


 

Dr. Thomas Csordas is an anthropologist whose principal interests are in medical and psychological anthropology, comparative religion, anthropological theory, cultural phenomenology and embodiment, globalization and social change, language and culture.  He has conducted ethnographic research with Charismatic Catholics, Navajo Indians, and adolescents in the American Southwest on topics including therapeutic process in religious healing, ritual language and creativity, sensory imagery, self transformation, techniques of the body, causal reasoning about illness, and the experience of psychiatric inpatients.

Books and Edited Volumes

            
           1994a              The Sacred Self: A Cultural Phenomenology of 
                                     Charismatic Healing. Berkeley: University of California                                      Press.
           
           1994b              (Editor) Embodiment and Experience: The Existential                                      Ground of Culture and Self.  Cambridge: Cambridge                                      University Press.  
           
           1997                Language, Charisma, and Creativity: The Ritual Life of                                     a Religious Movement. Berkeley: University of                                     California Press. Paperback edition 2001, New York:                                     Palgrave.

            2000                (Guest editor) Ritual Healing in Navajo Society.                                        Theme issue of Medical Anthropology Quarterly,                                       vol.14, no.4. 

            2002                Body/Meaning/Healing.  New York: Palgrave.  

            2003                (Guest co-editor)  Phenomenology in Ethnography.                                        Theme issue of  Ethnography, vol. 4, no.3.

            2007                (Guest editor) Transnational Transcendence.  Theme                                       issue of Anthropological Theory, vol. 7 no.3.

            2008                Corpo/Significado/Cura.  Porto Alegre, Brazil: UFRGS                                      Grafica.  Portuguese translation of                                       Body/Meaning/Healing.

            2009                (Editor) Transnational Transcendence: Essays on                                       Religion and Globalization.  Berkeley:  University of                                       California Press.

Current Research:  Southwest Youth Experience of Psychiatric Treatment(SWYEPT)
Dr. Csordas is currently Co-Principal Investigator (along with Dr. Janis Jenkins) for an NIH-funded (RO1 MH071781) study entitled “Southwest Youth and the Experience of Psychiatric Treatment” (SWYEPT).  This research is a collaborative effort carried out with an interdisciplinary team.  The study examines psychic distress, cultural meaning/dissonance, and structural violence among adolescents who are placed in residential psychiatric facilities.  Also studied are adolescents who have not been treated for mental illness and who exhibit no signs of significant emotional distress according to research diagnostic criteria.  The study is being conducted among a multiethnic population (Latino, Native American, Euro-American) with a research protocol that is longitudinal and spans a wide geographical area, following participants after hospital discharge into a range of social settings including other psychiatric facilities, kin-based homes, foster care homes, schools, and neighborhoods.  Methods of study combine ethnographic observation and interviews, psychiatric diagnostic interviews, and informal and unstructured procedures over time and across a range of social settings. 

Our goal is to produce anthropological knowledge of broad use to those concerned with culture and social conflict, mental health services, and an informed public policy that affects the lives of youths through institutions of care, containment, or social abandonment.  The study is intended to shed empirical light on the often-neglected sites of poor American communities that are violence-ravaged by gangs and drugs.   A major concern is to identify what strategies youths create to elude such circumstances and under what conditions they succumb to these circumstances.   Institutional and everyday neoliberal discourse on “personal responsibility” is analyzed in a context of choosing short-term psychiatric facilities as preferable to incarceration in prisons/detention centers.  The problem of uncontrollable rage, and what can at times appear as heroic familial struggles to “contain” such powerful affects has also emerged ethnographically as a central problematic for the development of social, moral, and political theorizations of youth culture and life worlds.

Courses

The Human Body in Discourse and Experience

This is an interdisciplinary graduate seminar examining the place of the body and embodiment in contemporary culture and culture theory.  The body is at the same time the original tool with which humans shape their world, and the original substance out of which the human world is shaped.   Recognizing that the body has become increasingly problematic for scholarship in the past two decades, the seminar begins with the premise that the fact of our embodiment can be a valuable starting point for rethinking the nature of culture and our existential situation as cultural beings.  This perspective promises to throw new light on questions traditionally asked by anthropologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, philosophers, historians, and students of comparative religion and literature.  It should also, however bring to light new questions and sources of data overlooked by thinkers in these fields. Seminar readings include works by major theorists who have contributed to an understanding of embodiment, as well as examination of the relation between the body and cultural domains such as religion, health, technology, dance, gender, sexuality, sense perception, violence, biopolitics, literary representation, temporality and aging, food and diet, space and architecture.

Meaning and Healing

This course addresses the nature of ritual healing across cultures and historical periods.  We examine the relation between medical and sacred realities in healing, and the analogy between psychotherapy and religious healing.   Framed by concepts such as medical pluralism and the health care system, we compare different types of healers and healing practices, and how different problems submitted to ritual healing are identified, defined, and diagnosed.  We discuss experiential aspects of therapeutic process and efficacy, with emphasis on the transformation of self and meaning as well as on the distinction between incremental and miraculous change.  I have taught this seminar at both undergraduate and graduate levels, as well as with adaptations for medical students and psychiatry residents.

Religion and Globalization

Despite an upsurge of discussion within the past decade, the role of religion remains understudied and undertheorized in debates about globalization and world systems.   Are we witnessing a resacralization or a reenchantment on a planetary scale?  Are the consequences for individuals de-alienation or remystification?   Is religion a critical component in the ideological/religious dimension of a global social system?  Drawing on literature from anthropology, sociology, and religious studies, the seminar examines these questions with respect to world religions, indigenous religions, and new religions in the contemporary global arena, across national and regional boundaries, and in the creation of new forms of subjectivity and intersubjectivity.

Medicine in Native North America

Health and health care among the indigenous peoples of North America receives comparatively little attention in discussions of global health.  The course examines fact and fiction with respect to epidemics of contagious diseases including smallpox and tuberculosis, alcohol and drug dependency, diabetes and obesity, depression and suicide.  We analyze health care with respect to the history and development of the Indian Health Service, health care efforts by Christian missionaries, tribal-led health initiatives, indigenous spiritual healing, and collaborations between indigenous healers and biomedical professionals.  The course’s title draws on the double meaning of “medicine” in the sense of biomedicine practiced in hospitals and clinics and in the sense of the medicine man as practitioner of indigenous healing modalities.